Spare area (auto)placement

The nand driver implements different possibilities for placement of filesystem data in the spare area,

The default placement function is automatic placement. The nand driver has built in default placement schemes for the various chiptypes. If due to hardware ECC functionality the default placement does not fit then the board driver can provide a own placement scheme.

File system drivers can provide a own placement scheme which is used instead of the default placement scheme.

Placement schemes are defined by a nand_oobinfo structure

struct nand_oobinfo {
	int	useecc;
	int	eccbytes;
	int	eccpos[24];
	int	oobfree[8][2];

Placement defined by fs driver

The calling function provides a pointer to a nand_oobinfo structure which defines the ecc placement. For writes the caller must provide a spare area buffer along with the data buffer. The spare area buffer size is (number of pages) * (size of spare area). For reads the buffer size is (number of pages) * ((size of spare area) + (number of ecc steps per page) * sizeof (int)). The driver stores the result of the ecc check for each tuple in the spare buffer. The storage sequence is

<spare data page 0><ecc result 0>...<ecc result n>


<spare data page n><ecc result 0>...<ecc result n>

This is a legacy mode used by YAFFS1.

If the spare area buffer is NULL then only the ECC placement is done according to the given scheme in the nand_oobinfo structure.

Automatic placement

Automatic placement uses the built in defaults to place the ecc bytes in the spare area. If filesystem data have to be stored / read into the spare area then the calling function must provide a buffer. The buffer size per page is determined by the oobfree array in the nand_oobinfo structure.

If the spare area buffer is NULL then only the ECC placement is done according to the default builtin scheme.

User space placement selection

All non ecc functions like mtd->read and mtd->write use an internal structure, which can be set by an ioctl. This structure is preset to the autoplacement default.

	ioctl (fd, MEMSETOOBSEL, oobsel);
oobsel is a pointer to a user supplied structure of type nand_oobconfig. The contents of this structure must match the criteria of the filesystem, which will be used. See an example in utils/nandwrite.c.